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Home / Issues / № 6, 2016

Agricultural sciences

INCREASING EFFECTIVENESS OF NITRIC FERTILIZERS USED BY ARTICHOKE PRICKLY (CYNARA SCOLYMUS L.) IN DIFFERENT SOIL CONDITIONS OF UZBEKISTAN
Abzalov А.А., Kadirkhodjaev А., Yulchieva M.T., Mamatkulov Z.U.
Abstract: it has been ascertained in the research the increasing effectiveness of nitric fertilizers with the purpose of decreasing environment contamination and receiving ecologically pure production from artichoke prickly.

The results of conducted research revealed that the use of artichoke prickly at growing (Cynara scolymus L.) full of fertilizers, particularly with manure promotes decreasing of environment contamination and receiving ecologically pure production (biomass and seeds).

At the same time artichoke prickly grown in the conditions of typical sierozem has more medicinal raw material (leaves and seeds) than in the soil of bright sierozem. 

Key words: nitrogen, immobilization, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, nitrates, sulphur, biomass.

Aim. In this connection development of methods for effective application of nitric fertilizers under the plants including artichoke prickly has not only scientific but practical importance, as it provides in the studied plants high crops of good quality, and also decreasing contamination level of the environment.

Transformation of nitric fertilizers in irrigated both typical and bright sierozem, and also its use by the plants depending on conditions of nitric nutrition have been studied not enough [1,2,4].

Research methods. In this regard we in 2011-2016 conducted both vegetation and field experiments on bright and typical sierozem soil of Samarkand and Tashkent regions of the Republic of Uzbekistan. The area of each plot is 480 m2. Scheme of plants' arrangement is 60x40x1 with density of 36680 bushes per 1 hectare.

Repeatability of vegetation experiments is 10, and field 4 multiple.

Filling vessels was conducted in autumn with the soil taken from the field experiment (horizon of 0-50 cm) taking into account its genetic horizons.

Moisture of soil in vessels was supported at the level of 75% of complete field water capacity. Watering in field experiments was conducted according to the scheme 4-6-4.

Results of research. Results of conducted by us research testify to the fact that with applying manure decreases more the content of inorganic nitric fertilizers, not used by the plants of nitric fertilizers (at the end of its vegetation) on bright sierozem particularly applying manure more than in typical sierozem.

Based on results of our research according to the balance and transformation of nitric fertilizers in the system soil-plant it can be stated that on typical sierozem with high content of organic substances and wide correlation C: N, in initial period of plant's development are more particular to applying nitrogen, than on bright sierozem.

As results showed, with beginning of flowering phase and maturing seeds provision of plants with nitrogen in typical sierozem is higher than in bright sierozem that is explained with release of earlier absorbed nitrogen by soil microorganisms.

Results of research in vegetation experiments ascertained that content of nitric fertilizers compounds depends on soil differences (Table1).

At first phase of vegetation (before mass budding) immobilization size of nitrogen from applying fertilizers on typical sierozem (or transformation of inorganic nitrogen into organic form in body of microorganisms) occurs more intensively than on bright sierozem.

That is why applying manure intensifies this process on typical sierozem that is connected with different content in this soil of organic remains mass and also correlation of C: N.

Table 1

Content change of organic and inorganic nitric fertilizers on typical and bright sierozem (mg per vessel)

Annual norm

g/vessel

Phases of development

2-3 of true leaves

Budding

N

Р

K

manure

Total

organic

inorganic

total

organic

inorganic

Bright sierozem

6

5

2

-

1390

736

654

2848

1208

1640

6

5

2

400

1620

900

720

3004

1500

1504

Typical sierozem

6

5

2

-

1694

1064

630

3136

1556

1580

6

5

2

400

1690

1250

440

3252

1640

1612

In connection with immobilization of nitrogen the content of available for plants inorganic compounds it in early phases of development and budding of plants decreases, particularly in conditions of bright sierozem.

All these facts promote decreasing of environment contamination and receiving ecologically pure production, i.е. biomass (overground part) from artichoke prickly.

Table 2

Content of nitric fertilizers in different soil conditions (mg/vessel).

Annual norm

g/vessel

Phases of development

2-3 of true leaves

Budding

N

Р

K

manure

Total

organic

inorganic

Total

organic

inorganic

Bright sierozem

6

5

2

-

1842

960

882

1362

1290

72

6

5

2

400

1992

960

1032

1722

1380

342

Typical sierozem

6

5

2

-

2400

1260

1140

1770

1560

210

6

5

2

400

2460

1380

1080

1872

1442

432

It makes necessary to study effectiveness of terms for applying nitric fertilizers taking into account biological features of transformation nitrogen and soil conditions.

Conclusion. Research ascertained that Cynara scolymus L. grown on bright sierozem applying full fertilizers, particularly with manure, promotes decreasing of environment contamination and receiving more formation of ecologically pure seeds and biomass. Biomass size in the process is more on typical sierozem than on bright sierozem.



References:
1. Abzalov А.А. Applying sulphur as important factor for receiving ecologically pure product of medicinal plants J. Bulletin of agrarian science of Uzbekistan. 1-2, 2009. pp.54-60.

2. Kim L.М. transformation in soil of nitrogen КФУ and its use by cotton plant. Works of the Tashkent Agrarian institute "Intensive technology of cultivation cotton plant in UzSUR" 1988, pp. 100-107.

3. Khodzhiev Т., Bairov А. Nitric fertilizers and inhibitor of nitrification in cotton growing, Tashkent, publishing house "Fan", 1992, p. 118.

4. Pirakhunov Т.P., Mannanova R.N., Zakirova D. Influence of different combinations of mineral fertilizers and manure on absorption and consumption by cotton of nitrogen and crop of raw cotton. Intensive technology of cultivation cotton plant in UzSUR. V., 1988, pp. 84-86



Bibliographic reference

Abzalov А.А., Kadirkhodjaev А., Yulchieva M.T., Mamatkulov Z.U. INCREASING EFFECTIVENESS OF NITRIC FERTILIZERS USED BY ARTICHOKE PRICKLY (CYNARA SCOLYMUS L.) IN DIFFERENT SOIL CONDITIONS OF UZBEKISTAN. International Journal Of Applied And Fundamental Research. – 2016. – № 6 –
URL: www.science-sd.com/468-25102 (23.07.2017).