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Home / Issues / № 1, 2014

THE INFORMATION CONSULTATIVE TECHNOLOGIES USE IN DENTISTRY AND MAXILLOFACIAL SURGERY.
Shmakov K.V.

Thus, in the recent years, the telecommunication technologies' using in the public health has already been opened up, principally, the new possibilities for the challenges' solving of the clinical, educational, organizational, and managerial nature [1, 2].

So, the existing situation in the dentistry is characterized by the dentists' and dental practitioners' deficiency in the municipal rural regions, the high level staff turnover, the insufficient their qualifications, that is determined the development urgency of the management solutions, on the basis of the information and computer technologies (ICT) using [3].

So, the medical workers' insufficient qualifications and the health workers' inadequate training is, practically, resulted in the considerable proportion of the errors in the teeth and the mouth diagnostics and diseases' treatment, which, in its turn, is indicated on the use expanding feasibility of the telemedicine technologies in the dentistry.

Thus, the remote diagnostics, the tele-consultancy, the distance education, as well the medical help management, as the health care organization are the main directions of the information and telecommunication technologies using, from the world and Russian telemedicine experience. So, the prophylaxis is the significant branch of the working in the dentistry, which can be actively used by the Internet - medicine. Finally, the basic electronic technologies in the dentistry are the following: E - Mail, WEB - service, as well as videoconferencing (Table No.1).

The Table No.1.

The Electronic Technologies Using in the Dentistry and Maxillofacial Surgery.

Technologies

Medical

help

Education

 

Prophylaxis

 

Management and

organization

Electronic mail

Delayed

tele-consultations

Educational and methodological materials delivery

Prophylactic materials

delivery

Official documents delivery, data collection

WEB - service

Information placing on clinical

cases

Electronic

textbooks, electronic

libraries

Information prophylactic resources, forums

for population

Orders,

programs on websites

placement

Video-conferencing

Tele-consultations, intra-surgical

monitoring

Video lectures,

seminars,

demonstration operations

Interactive commu-

nication between physicians and

patients

Videoconferencing on dental

assistance

The ICT can be efficiently used for the remote diagnostics, tele-consultation, and it, moreover, can be used in the distance education of the medical staff, as well as in the dental diseases management and prophylaxis.

So, the sociological surveys, having conducted by us, have been focused the information awareness on the doctors - dental surgeons' telemedicine challenges of the different specialities at the various levels of the dental care provision.

The doctors - dentists' questionnaire survey has been conducted in the rural municipal regions of the Orenburg region, directly at the workplaces, and during the regional scientific and practical conferences conducting. So, the 138 questionnaires have been subjected to the statistic analysis. As a result of the already made analysis, it has been established, that the computer technique and its equipment is practically available in nearly almost in all the medical Institutions and its settings. In 57,5% of the medical Institutions and its settings of the dental profile health facilities, the doctors of which were covered by the questionnaire survey, there was the digital X - ray equipment, including the obtained one by the public health modernization program.

The 68,1% of the physicians have already indicated their ability to be worked on the computer. The 54,2% of the physicians have already used the computer data processing results in their work.

Thus, 48,2% of the doctors - dentists are used the E - Mail, 31,5% are used the Internet networking, including the search for the necessary documents for their work, and 17,3% are, practically, used the «Skype» videoconferencing program. So, the respondents have not had any practical skills to be used the telemedicine technologies, at the questionnaire survey time. The telemedicine tasks and challenges have not been familiar, at the questionnaire survey time, at 48,2% of the physicians.

The responses analysis to the questions on the telemedicine attitudes has been shown, that more than two - third of the doctors - dentists are quite positively related towards the telemedicine technologies adoption and their further use (e.g. Table No.2).

The Table No. 2.

The Doctors - Dentists' Questionnaire Survey Results on the Using Challenges of the Informational and Tele-Communication Technologies (e.g. in %).

Question:

yes

no

insignifi-cantly

Idon't know

total

1.

Do we need, in principle, the

E-Public Health Technologies?

69,3

6,3

13,0

11,4

100,0

2.

Is there a need for the telemedicine consultations on the dentistry

and maxillofacial surgery?

59,6

21,9

10,9

7,6

100,0

3.

Is it necessary the distant

education in the dentistry?

78,5

8,3

11,7

1,5

100,0

4.

Do we need the information technologies to be used in the management?

51,5

12,3

16,2

20,0

100,0

5.

Do you think it is necessary to be placed the prophylactic resources on the dentistry for the population in the Internet?

61,8

18,6

12,7

7,9

100,0

Thus, the doctors - dentists' questionnaire survey has already been found the preference of the tele-educational technologies using over the tele-consultations needs, that, it may be explained by the relative information scarcity for the doctors - dentists, having worked in the municipal clinics. So, all these peculiarities and specific features have already been taken into account at the information activities planning on the telemedicine among the doctors - dentists in the Orenburg region (e.g. the Russian Federation).



References:
1. Levanov V.M.,«The Scientific Rationale of the Electronic Technologies Using under the Public Health Modernization Conditions at the Regional Level: Author’s abstract Diss. …the Doctor of the Medical Sciences»., М.2013., p. 48;

2. Levanov V.M., Orlov O.E., Merekin D.V.,“The Historical Periods of the Telemedicine Development in Russia”. // «The Doctor and Information Technologies». № 4., 2013., p.p. 67 – 73;

3. Kalininskaya A.A., Ildarov R.B.,“The Dental Hygienist Load Calculation”.// «European Journal of Natural History»., – № 2. – 2013. – P.P. – 18 – 20.



Bibliographic reference

Shmakov K.V. THE INFORMATION CONSULTATIVE TECHNOLOGIES USE IN DENTISTRY AND MAXILLOFACIAL SURGERY. . International Journal Of Applied And Fundamental Research. – 2014. – № 1 –
URL: www.science-sd.com/456-24514 (04.12.2021).